Volume 7, Issue 3 (8-2020)                   J. Res. Orthop. Sci. 2020, 7(3): 105-114 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Orthopedics, Rasul-e Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1004 Views)
Background: There is no concrete information about many aspects of femoral fracture, including its best management. We hypothesized that reporting the outcomes of patients managed with the same therapeutic algorithm would help the selection of best management strategies. 
Objectives: In this study, we report the outcomes and complications of femoral head fracture in patients treated according to our therapeutic algorithm.
Methods: In a retrospective review of a prospectively collected orthopedic database, 41 patients with femoral head fractures were evaluated. Fractures were classified by the Pipkin classification system. The clinical outcome was assessed with the Harris Hip Score (HHS). In brief, our therapeutic algorithm included conservative treatment for the congruous joint of Pipkin type I and II, total hip arthroplasty for unfixable fractures of Pipkin type III, and IV, and fixation via three approaches otherwise (Smith-Peterson, Kocher, or surgical dislocation).
Results: Of 41 cases, 34 cases (82.9%) had uncomplicated outcomes. The number of associated injuries was significantly more in patients with complicated outcomes (P=0.049). Avascular necrosis was the most common complication (n=5, 12.2%). Their Mean±SD HHS was 85.1±109. Accordingly, HHS scoring had poor, fair, good and excellent results in 4 (9.8%), 6 (14.6%), 13 (31.7%), and 17 (41.5%) patients, respectively. The mean HHS score was significantly lower in patients with complicated outcomes (P=0.007). The mean HHS score was not associated with types of fracture (P=0.071).  
Conclusion: The outcome of femoral head treatment was good to excellent in the majority of patients. However, patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty or had associated injuries are at higher risk of an inferior outcome. 
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Hip surgery
Received: 2020/03/25 | Accepted: 2020/06/13 | Published: 2020/08/1

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